Landscaping with Reclaimed Water

How do I Landscape with Reclaimed Water?

Good landscaping practices place the right plant in the right location. Occasionally, reclaimed water contains elevated levels of salts that can harm sensitive landscape plants. Florida friendly plants that are salt tolerant and typically grow near our coast benefit most from reclaimed water.

To minimize potential problems associated with using reclaimed water, monitor plants for signs of leaf yellowing or wilting. If it persists, consider drip irrigation to avoid direct contact of reclaimed water with plant leaves, or replace plants with salt tolerant species. Proper watering is important, and overwatering can cause harm. Common landscape plants used in Florida that are especially sensitive to high salt levels and should not be planted in reclaimed water communities as well as those that are salt tolerant are listed below.

Plants with No Salt Tolerance
  • Azaleas, dwarf and Formosa (Rhododendron sp.)
  • Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense)
  • Bleeding heart (Clerodendrum thomsoniae)
Plants with Moderate Salt Tolerance
  • Avocado (Persea americana)
  • Blue porterweed (Stachytarpheta sp.)
  • Caladium (Caladium sp.)
  • Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
  • Ixora (Ixora sp.)
  • Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosaefolia)
  • Laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia)
  • Passionflower (Passiflora sp.)
  • Pentas (Pentas lanceolata)
  • Rose (Rosa sp.)
Plants with High Salt Tolerance

Ground Covers

  • Blue Stem Grass (Andropogon spp.)
  • Inkberry (Scaevola plumieri)
  • Coontie (Zamia floridana)
  • Cardboard palm (Zamia furfuracea)
  • Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis)
  • Mondo Grass (Ophiopogon japonicas)
  • Croton (Codiaeum variegatum)
  • Purple Queen (Setcreasea pallida)
  • Liriope (Liriope muscari)
  • Society garlic (Tulbaghia violacea)

Shrubs

  • Century Plant (Agave spp)
  • Dwarf Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria)
  • Dwarf oleander (Nerium oleander "nana")
  • Stoppers (Eugenia spp)
  • Simpson’s Stopper (Myrcianthes fragrans)
  • Lantana (Lantana spp)
  • Hibiscus (Hibiscus spp)
  • Yucca (Yucca spp)
  • Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum)
  • Pittosporum (Pittosporum tobira)

Palms

  • Cabbage Palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)

Trees

  • Sea Grape (Coccoloba uvifera)
  • Dahoon Holly (Ilex cassine)
  • Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria)
  • Southern Red Cedar (Juniperus silicicola)
  • Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)
  • Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii)
  • Live Oak (Quercus virginiana)
  • Orange (Citrus sinensis)
  • Sand Live Oak (Quercus geminate)
  • Banana (Musa acuminata)

Turf Grass

  • St. Augustine Grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum)

Ornamental Grass

  • Pampas Grass (Cortaderia selloana)
  • Muhly Grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Panic Grass (Panicum virgatum)
  • Cord Grass (Spartina spp)

Vines

  • Railroad Vine (Lpomea pes-caprae)
  • Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp)
  • Confederate Jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides)

Flowering Plants

  • Spotted Horse Mint (Monarda punctate)
  • Beach Sunflower (Helianthus debilis)
  • Goldenrod (Solidago spp)
  • Blanket Flower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Spider Lilly (Hymenocallis spp)
  • Gerbera daisy (Gerbera jamesonii)
  • Allamanda (Allamanda nerifolia)
  • Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae)
  • Daylilies (Hemerocalis spp)

Resources

For More Information

For more information or to schedule and inspection, please call the dedicated Reclaimed Water Line (904) 209-2750, or contact our Reclaimed Water Coordinator at ReuseQuestions@sjcfl.us.



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